COMPLETE ULTRASOUND DIAGNOSTIC 4D ULTRASOUND, COLOR DOPPLER
Ultrasound examinations are performed on the 4D ultrasound TOSHIBA XARIO, the latest generation of ultrasound.
4D ultrasound is used in perinatology and pregnancy monitoring.
Using 4D ultrasound embryo is monitored from conception, as in the first, second and third trimesters.
Because of the high-resolution 4D ultrasound enables the detection and analysis of developmental anomalies of the fetus.
In the first trimester of pregnancy localization of pregnancy is determined , heart function, biometrics, and by application of 3D-4D ultrasound morphology of embryos.
NT neck crease in the 12th week of gestation
In 12week of gestation the size of the embryo is measured and complete development of fetus, the morphology of all vital organs is examined, both in 2D and 4D techniques.
It is also measured the thickness of the neck illuminating (neck crease fruit). When the NT (neck crease) is thickened, it is one of the parameters that indicate possible genetic anomalies.
After ultrasound examination patient is sent to a lab to do DOUBLE TEST which is a part of testing in risk assessment for genetic anomalies of embryo.
- From 9-19ng (biopsy sampling of chorionic villus or placental biopsy sampling)
- Of 16-18ng Amniocenthesa (taking amniotic fluid)
- After 22ng Cordocenthesa (taking blood from the umbilical cord fetus)
4D in the second trimester:
During the second trimester the growth and development of embryo is determined. In this period the anomalies of embryo are revealed and respectively vital organs. If a pregnant woman in 12 week of gestation did not do an ultrasound and genetic DOUBLE test, it is advised from 16 -17 week of gestation to do a detailed ultrasound examination and TRIPLE TEST.
Color Doppler ultrasound:
During this review the flow of blood through major blood vessels of the fetus is examined, that disorder would be seen on time in the fetal circulation, also the blood flow in blood vessels of the uterus, which may indicate an increase in blood pressure.
II trimester of pregnancy is a period when the heart anomalies of fetus are excluded.
III trimester of pregnancy
During the third trimester of pregnancy the growth and development of fetal is followed by biometric measurements of parameters (volume and diameter of the head, abdomen, long bones of the extremities), the thickness and maturity of the placenta is measured(suggesting diabetes during pregnancy or placenta status because of smoking ).
Color Doppler UZ
Surveys are conducted and analyzes of hemodynamic parameters of arterial and venous blood vessels of the fetus are performed (circulation in the head, umbilical cord fetal aorta, kidney and heart).
4D ultrasound in the third trimester
Keep track of fetal behavior and activity in the uterus, the fetal morphology is analized, fetal anomalies that can occur during this period.