Colposcopy is the microscopic examination of the cervix and vulva.
Colposcopy and cytology (Pap test NICOLAU) are the primary screening together in almost 99% of premalignant lesions and detect early cervical cancer.
Sometimes it is necessary for the accurate diagnosis, to complete this review with cervical biopsy (taking a bit of tissue from the suspicious of the cervix) and curettage (intervention by which a tissue sample from the uterus is taken).
The material obtained in this way is sent to histopathological examination. It is recommended that this analysis and review are carried out annually.